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Baroque bits at Picadera

bits is available in different versions. In order to find the right bit for horse and rider, you should think about a few things beforehand.

Bit materials 

Since bits is available in a wide variety of versions nowadays, the selection of denture materials is also very extensive. 

Stainless steel bits

The classic among the bit materials are stainless steel bits. Their alloy is based on iron, chromium and nickel. Although nickel can cause allergies, the fusion of this combination creates a new metal that encloses the nickel and binds it tightly so that it cannot escape. Stainless steel bits are rustproof, anti-magnetic and particularly wear-resistant. This makes them easy to clean and durable. Dirt can simply be washed off with water. 

Copper bits

Copper bits are gold coloured due to the 90 percent Sweet Copper alloy. This high-quality alloy has a high strength and, due to its nickel-free formula, is well suited for horses that have a nickel intolerance. This usually manifests itself in irritated mucous membranes. Sweet Copper bits taste, as the name suggests, sweetish and are therefore well accepted by many horses. Another advantage is that this taste stimulates the horse's chewing activity and can thus lead to better permeability. In addition, Sweet Copper bits are antibacterial and absorb heat very well. In cold temperatures, you can easily warm the bit with your hand to make it more comfortable for the horse. Due to natural oxidation processes, these bits may tarnish over time. 

Brass bits

bits made of this copper-zinc mixture have a high corrosion resistance. Normally, the bits are gold-coloured, but the higher the zinc content, the more the colour varies. Chrome-plated brass bits have a silver colour. bits made of this material can also tarnish over time and should be polished every now and then. 

Iron bits

Iron bits from Sweet Iron have a black colour. This is due, among other things, to the burnishing process, in which the bit is bathed in hot oil. Iron bits have a sweet taste and their flavour stimulates the horse's chewing activity, which can relax the jaw and thus have a positive effect on the entire musculoskeletal system. However, these bits require more care. Natural oxidation processes ensure that noble rust forms. This is not a quality defect and can affect the horse's chewing even more. Picadera advises to occasionally rub the bit with a cloth soaked in olive oil.

Material combinations - win-win situation

Of course, there are also bits, where, for example, the mouthpiece is made of a different material than the side pieces . Here you can feel the advantages of the different materials. For example, you can use a mouthpiece made of stainless steel, while the side pieces are made of iron. This gives you the dark look of the iron dentures, but the stainless steelmouthpiece does not rust if you prefer it. 

The right material?

The decision on which material to use must be made individually. Some horses find it difficult to accept stainless steel bits, which is why it is better to choose Sweet Iron or Sweet Copper. Of course, the rider's preferences also play a role in the choice. All bit materials have advantages and disadvantages.

The effect of bit types

Before buying a bit , you should think about what it will be used for and how it will work in the first place. 

loose ring snaffle bits

Probably the best known type of bit is the loose ring snaffle bit. They are available single jointed or double jointed with flexible or inflexible rings. 

loose ring snaffle bits with flexible rings are very flexible in the horse's mouth. The horse can influence the positioning of the mouthpiece on the rings itself. This can be useful for young horses that first have to get used to the bit . For mouthy horses, however, it is recommended to use a D-ring snaffle, olive head snaffle or full cheek snaffle bit , as these are more stable in the horse's mouth. 

A simple snaffle bit forms a kind of house when the reins are tightened. The mouthpiece acts on the outer jaw chests, the edges of the tongue and can press on the palate. The middle of the tongue is relieved. 

Double-broken mouthpieces have a flatter port and exert a more even pressure. This gives the double-broken bit a somewhat milder action.

Ported & Mullen Mouth Bits

It is often said that this type of bit is even gentler compared to the broken bit . However, it is important to note that the ported mouthpiece acts frontally on the entire jaw. The tongue is not relieved. When riding with bar bits, it is also important to have a steady rider's hand, as the ported mouthpiece will "tip" in the mouth if the rein is not balanced.

ported & mullen mouth bits are available with and without port. mouthpieces with low port have a small arch in the middle. For horses with fleshy tongues, there are Mullen Mouth models that have a large curved arch to relieve them. 

bits without leverage

Baucher bits, snaffles and water snaffles have no leverage. They only work via the tongue, the mouth or the corners of the mouth, as with the Baucher Bit. The popular Kimblewick bridle can also be ridden without leverage if the reins are buckled in the upper recess. 

The Baucher bit has only a short upper tree, which is attached to the cheek pieces. This gives the bit a particularly quiet position in the horse's mouth, making it well suited for sensitive horses or young horses. The reins are fastened in the rings. The Baucher bit is ridden without chinstrap or curb chain . It does not have an under tree that could act as an adversary with a curb chain to put pressure on the neck. On the contrary, the Baucher bit lies very stable due to its special construction, so that even broken mouthpieces could not sag downwards and get to the incisors. 

bits with leverage

Double bridles, pelhams and Kimblewick snaffles are bits, which provide leverage. When the reins are pulled, pressure is applied to the tongue, the ark and the neck. These bits belong only in experienced rider*s hands. They are ridden in combination with curb chains , which is untwisted and hooked into curb chain hook . Kimblewick Snaffles can be used for retraining from the loose ring snaffle bit or the Baucher bit to a Curb Bit as they have a milder leverage. When the rein is threaded into the lower recess of the bit , the Kimblewick bit acts like a mild Curb Bit. However, with this bit you can also simply hook the reins into the large ring. If the horse then holds his head too high, the reins slip down and leverage sets in. If the horse holds the head too low, the rein slides up and the bit acts like a loose ring snaffle bit. curb bit, Pelham and Kimblewick can also be ridden with four reins. The Spanish Curb Bit is traditionally ridden without bradoon, i.e. blank. 

Some baucher bits and also pump curb bits have vertical play. The mouthpiece can move up and down a little on the sides. This slight play stimulates the horse's chewing activity. The jaw can relax by chewing and the horse runs more contentedly overall when it is released. 

The correct fit

For a bit to work properly at all, it must be the right size and correctly buckled. 

The cheek pieces should be buckled in such a way that a small fold is formed at the horse's mouth. Then the bit sits at the right height. 

The bit width

The bit width depends on the type of bit. 

Water bits with movable rings should be bought 0.5cm larger. This is because there is a risk that the lips can get caught between the mouthpiece and the bit ring. This also applies to undercut snaffles that are combined with a curb bit. Double bridles, belly bits, olive head snaffles, thigh snaffles and other bits that do not have flexible rings should lie close to the corners of the mouth in order to be able to work properly via the Shanks . 

The thickness of the teeth

Since horses' heads are being bred more and more filigree nowadays, the mouth gap is also shortened and thus the space in the mouth. For these horses, thinner bits can be used. However, many horses also find thicker bits more comfortable. Again, it depends on the horse and how it reacts to the mouthpiece . Thin bits are not necessarily sharper than thick bits. If you are still unsure whether you should use a thin or thick bit , you can also consult your equine dentist.

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