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bits

Baroque bits at Picadera

bits are available in different versions. To find the right bit for horse and rider, you should give it some thought beforehand.

Denture materials 

As bits is now available in a wide variety of versions, the choice of denture materials is also very extensive. 

Stainless steel bits

Stainless steel bits are the classic bit material. Their alloy is based on iron, chromium and nickel. Although nickel can trigger allergies, the fusion of this combination creates a new metal that encloses the nickel and binds it tightly so that it cannot escape. Stainless steel bits are rust-free, anti-magnetic and particularly wear-resistant. This makes them easy to care for and durable. Dirt can simply be washed off with water. 

Copper dentures

Copper bits are gold-colored due to the 90 percent Sweet Copper alloy. This high-quality alloy has a high strength and its nickel-free formula makes it suitable for horses with nickel intolerance. This usually manifests itself in irritated mucous membranes. Sweet Copper bits tastes sweet, as the name suggests, and is therefore well accepted by many horses. Another advantage is that this taste stimulates the horse's chewing activity and can therefore lead to better permeability. Sweet Copper bits is also antibacterial and absorbs heat very well. In cold temperatures, you can warm the bit slightly with your hand to make it more pleasant for the horse. Due to natural oxidation processes, these bits can tarnish over time. 

Brass bits

bits made from this copper-zinc mixture are highly resistant to corrosion. Normally, the bits are gold-colored, but the higher the zinc content, the more the color varies. Chrome-plated brass bits have a silver color. Even bits made of this material can tarnish over time and should be polished from time to time. 

Iron bits

Iron bits from Sweet Iron have a black color. This is partly due to the blacking process, in which the bit is bathed in hot oil. Iron bits have a sweet taste and their flavor stimulates the horse's chewing activity, which can relax the jaw and thus have a positive effect on the entire musculoskeletal system. However, these bits require more care. Natural oxidation processes ensure that noble rust forms. This is not a quality defect and can affect the horse's chewing even more. Picadera advises rubbing the bit occasionally with a cloth soaked in olive oil.

Material combinations - win-win situation

Of course, there are also bits, where, for example, the mouthpiece is made of a different material to the side pieces . Here you can feel the advantages of the different materials. For example, you can use a mouthpiece made of stainless steel, while the side pieces is made of iron. This gives you the dark look of the iron bit, but the stainless steelmouthpiece will not rust if you prefer it. 

The right material?

The decision as to which material to use must be made on an individual basis. Some horses find stainless steel bits difficult to accept, which is why you should then opt for Sweet Iron or sweet copper. Of course, the rider's preferences also play a role in the choice. All bit materials have advantages and disadvantages.

The effect of denture types

Before you buy a bit , you should think about what it is to be used for and how it actually works. 

loose ring snaffle bits

Probably the best-known type of bit is the loose ring snaffle bit. They are available at single jointed or double jointed with flexible or inflexible rings. 

loose ring snaffle bits with flexible rings are very flexible in the horse's mouth. The horse can influence the positioning of the mouthpiece on the rings itself. This can be useful for young horses that first have to get used to the bit . For mouthy horses, however, it is recommended to use a D-ring snaffle, olive head snaffle or full cheek snaffle bit , as these are more stable in the horse's mouth. 

A simple snaffle bit forms a kind of house when the reins are tightened. The mouthpiece acts on the outer jaw lobes, the edges of the tongue and can press on the palate. The center of the tongue is relieved. 

Double-broken mouthpieces have a flatter port and exert a more even pressure. As a result, the double-jointed bit has a somewhat milder effect.

ported & mullen mouth bits

It is often said that this type of bit is even gentler than the broken bit bit. However, it is important to note that the ported mouthpiece acts frontally on the entire jaw. The tongue is not relieved. A steady rider's hand is also important when riding with bar bits, as the ported mouthpiece "tilts" in the mouth if the rein pull is unbalanced.

ported & mullen mouth bits are available with and without port. mouthpieces with low port have a small arch in the middle. For horses with a fleshy tongue, there are Mullen Mouth models that have a large curved arch to relieve the tongue. 

bits without leverage

Baucher bits, snaffles and loose ring snaffle bits have no leverage. They only work via the tongue, the bars or the corners of the mouth, as with the Baucher bit . The popular Kimblewick snaffle can also be ridden without leverage if the reins are buckled into the upper recess. 

The Baucher bit only has a short upper beam, which is attached to the cheek pieces. This gives the bit a particularly quiet position in the horse's mouth, making it ideal for sensitive horses or young horses. The reins are attached to the rings. The Baucher bit is ridden without a chin strap or curb chain . It does not have an under tree, which could act as an opponent with a curb chain to exert pressure on the poll. On the contrary: the Baucher bit is very stable due to its special construction, so that even broken mouthpieces cannot sag downwards and come into contact with the incisors. 

bits with leverage effect

Curb bits, Pelhams and Kimblewick snaffles are bits bridles that develop a leverage effect. When the reins are pulled, pressure is exerted on the tongue, the poll and the poll. These bits only belong in the hands of experienced riders. They are ridden in combination with curb chains , which are attached to the curb chain hook with a twist. Kimblewick Snaffles can be used to transition from the loose ring snaffle bit or the Baucher bit to a Curb Bit , as they have a milder leverage effect. If the reins are threaded into the lower recess of the bit , the Kimblewick bit acts like a mild Curb Bit. However, with this bit you can also simply hook the reins into the large ring. If the horse then raises its head too high, the reins slip down and the leverage effect kicks in. If the horse holds its head too low, the reins slide upwards and the bit acts like a loose ring snaffle bit. Curb reins, Pelham and Kimblewick can also be ridden with four reins. The Spanish Curb Bit is traditionally ridden without bradoon, i.e. bareback. 

Some Baucher bits and also pump candles have vertical play. The mouthpiece can move slightly up and down on the sides. This slight movement stimulates the horse's chewing activity. The jaw can relax due to the chewing action and the horse is generally happier when it is released. 

The correct fit

For a bit to work properly, it must be the right size and correctly buckled. 

The cheek pieces should be buckled in such a way that a small crease forms on the horse's mouth. Then the bit sits at the correct height. 

The width of the teeth

The bit width depends on the type of bit. 

loose ring snaffle bits with movable rings should be purchased 0.5 cm larger. This is because there is a risk that the lips can become trapped between mouthpiece and the bit ring. This also applies to bridles that are combined with a Curb Bit . Curb snaffles, Baucher bits , olive head snaffles, thigh snaffles and other bits snaffles that do not have flexible rings should lie close to the corners of the mouth in order to work properly via the side pieces . 

The thickness of the teeth

As horses' heads are being bred to be more and more delicate nowadays, the mouth gap and therefore the space in the mouth is also becoming shorter. Thinner bits can be used for these horses. However, many horses also find thicker bits more comfortable. Again, it depends on the horse and how it reacts to the mouthpiece . Thin bits are not necessarily sharper than thick bits. If you are still unsure whether you should use a thin or thick bit , you can also consult your equine dentist.

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Baroque bits at Picadera

bits are available in different versions. To find the right bit for horse and rider, you should give it some thought beforehand.

Denture materials 

As bits is now available in a wide variety of versions, the choice of denture materials is also very extensive. 

Stainless steel bits

Stainless steel bits are the classic bit material. Their alloy is based on iron, chromium and nickel. Although nickel can trigger allergies, the fusion of this combination creates a new metal that encloses the nickel and binds it tightly so that it cannot escape. Stainless steel bits are rust-free, anti-magnetic and particularly wear-resistant. This makes them easy to care for and durable. Dirt can simply be washed off with water. 

Copper dentures

Copper bits are gold-colored due to the 90 percent Sweet Copper alloy. This high-quality alloy has a high strength and its nickel-free formula makes it suitable for horses with nickel intolerance. This usually manifests itself in irritated mucous membranes. Sweet Copper bits tastes sweet, as the name suggests, and is therefore well accepted by many horses. Another advantage is that this taste stimulates the horse's chewing activity and can therefore lead to better permeability. Sweet Copper bits is also antibacterial and absorbs heat very well. In cold temperatures, you can warm the bit slightly with your hand to make it more pleasant for the horse. Due to natural oxidation processes, these bits can tarnish over time. 

Brass bits

bits made from this copper-zinc mixture are highly resistant to corrosion. Normally, the bits are gold-colored, but the higher the zinc content, the more the color varies. Chrome-plated brass bits have a silver color. Even bits made of this material can tarnish over time and should be polished from time to time. 

Iron bits

Iron bits from Sweet Iron have a black color. This is partly due to the blacking process, in which the bit is bathed in hot oil. Iron bits have a sweet taste and their flavor stimulates the horse's chewing activity, which can relax the jaw and thus have a positive effect on the entire musculoskeletal system. However, these bits require more care. Natural oxidation processes ensure that noble rust forms. This is not a quality defect and can affect the horse's chewing even more. Picadera advises rubbing the bit occasionally with a cloth soaked in olive oil.

Material combinations - win-win situation

Of course, there are also bits, where, for example, the mouthpiece is made of a different material to the side pieces . Here you can feel the advantages of the different materials. For example, you can use a mouthpiece made of stainless steel, while the side pieces is made of iron. This gives you the dark look of the iron bit, but the stainless steelmouthpiece will not rust if you prefer it. 

The right material?

The decision as to which material to use must be made on an individual basis. Some horses find stainless steel bits difficult to accept, which is why you should then opt for Sweet Iron or sweet copper. Of course, the rider's preferences also play a role in the choice. All bit materials have advantages and disadvantages.

The effect of denture types

Before you buy a bit , you should think about what it is to be used for and how it actually works. 

loose ring snaffle bits

Probably the best-known type of bit is the loose ring snaffle bit. They are available at single jointed or double jointed with flexible or inflexible rings. 

loose ring snaffle bits with flexible rings are very flexible in the horse's mouth. The horse can influence the positioning of the mouthpiece on the rings itself. This can be useful for young horses that first have to get used to the bit . For mouthy horses, however, it is recommended to use a D-ring snaffle, olive head snaffle or full cheek snaffle bit , as these are more stable in the horse's mouth. 

A simple snaffle bit forms a kind of house when the reins are tightened. The mouthpiece acts on the outer jaw lobes, the edges of the tongue and can press on the palate. The center of the tongue is relieved. 

Double-broken mouthpieces have a flatter port and exert a more even pressure. As a result, the double-jointed bit has a somewhat milder effect.

ported & mullen mouth bits

It is often said that this type of bit is even gentler than the broken bit bit. However, it is important to note that the ported mouthpiece acts frontally on the entire jaw. The tongue is not relieved. A steady rider's hand is also important when riding with bar bits, as the ported mouthpiece "tilts" in the mouth if the rein pull is unbalanced.

ported & mullen mouth bits are available with and without port. mouthpieces with low port have a small arch in the middle. For horses with a fleshy tongue, there are Mullen Mouth models that have a large curved arch to relieve the tongue. 

bits without leverage

Baucher bits, snaffles and loose ring snaffle bits have no leverage. They only work via the tongue, the bars or the corners of the mouth, as with the Baucher bit . The popular Kimblewick snaffle can also be ridden without leverage if the reins are buckled into the upper recess. 

The Baucher bit only has a short upper beam, which is attached to the cheek pieces. This gives the bit a particularly quiet position in the horse's mouth, making it ideal for sensitive horses or young horses. The reins are attached to the rings. The Baucher bit is ridden without a chin strap or curb chain . It does not have an under tree, which could act as an opponent with a curb chain to exert pressure on the poll. On the contrary: the Baucher bit is very stable due to its special construction, so that even broken mouthpieces cannot sag downwards and come into contact with the incisors. 

bits with leverage effect

Curb bits, Pelhams and Kimblewick snaffles are bits bridles that develop a leverage effect. When the reins are pulled, pressure is exerted on the tongue, the poll and the poll. These bits only belong in the hands of experienced riders. They are ridden in combination with curb chains , which are attached to the curb chain hook with a twist. Kimblewick Snaffles can be used to transition from the loose ring snaffle bit or the Baucher bit to a Curb Bit , as they have a milder leverage effect. If the reins are threaded into the lower recess of the bit , the Kimblewick bit acts like a mild Curb Bit. However, with this bit you can also simply hook the reins into the large ring. If the horse then raises its head too high, the reins slip down and the leverage effect kicks in. If the horse holds its head too low, the reins slide upwards and the bit acts like a loose ring snaffle bit. Curb reins, Pelham and Kimblewick can also be ridden with four reins. The Spanish Curb Bit is traditionally ridden without bradoon, i.e. bareback. 

Some Baucher bits and also pump candles have vertical play. The mouthpiece can move slightly up and down on the sides. This slight movement stimulates the horse's chewing activity. The jaw can relax due to the chewing action and the horse is generally happier when it is released. 

The correct fit

For a bit to work properly, it must be the right size and correctly buckled. 

The cheek pieces should be buckled in such a way that a small crease forms on the horse's mouth. Then the bit sits at the correct height. 

The width of the teeth

The bit width depends on the type of bit. 

loose ring snaffle bits with movable rings should be purchased 0.5 cm larger. This is because there is a risk that the lips can become trapped between mouthpiece and the bit ring. This also applies to bridles that are combined with a Curb Bit . Curb snaffles, Baucher bits , olive head snaffles, thigh snaffles and other bits snaffles that do not have flexible rings should lie close to the corners of the mouth in order to work properly via the side pieces . 

The thickness of the teeth

As horses' heads are being bred to be more and more delicate nowadays, the mouth gap and therefore the space in the mouth is also becoming shorter. Thinner bits can be used for these horses. However, many horses also find thicker bits more comfortable. Again, it depends on the horse and how it reacts to the mouthpiece . Thin bits are not necessarily sharper than thick bits. If you are still unsure whether you should use a thin or thick bit , you can also consult your equine dentist.

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